What is HEIC and HEIF formats in photos? This explanation

What is the new image format HEIC and HEIF or High Efficiency Image Format used by Apple Iphones. Compared to JPG/jpeg it turns out that HEIF is superior, and now the format is present in Android P. But unfortunately not all Android P phones support it.

This time Format is more modern and may also be used as a substitute for JPEG format.

Generally heif image formats use extensions. HEIC. Let's not confuse here will discuss one by one image formats HEIF and HEIC.

What is HEIF image Format?

The HEIF format is a newer image format, and is managed with more advanced codecs. Well, please be aware of the HEIF format using more modern compression methods. The method is based on the High Efficiency Video Compression codec format, which is also commonly known as HEVC or H. 265.

The HEIF Format has the advantages in which; Smaller image file size and higher image quality than JPEG (older version). So, HEIF can be said to be better than JPEG.

Although this format starts on Your Apple iPhone with IOS 11, this photo format is not Apple's proprietary technology. But it belongs to the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) standard.

For Android users, certainly can not enjoy HEIF technology, except for those who have been using Android version 9 or P or above. That's not all devices support it, especially the lower-end phones.

According to MPEG and Apple, HEIF image format has half of the JPEG image file size with the same quality – or even in some conditions it could be better.

The advantages are not only in terms of quality and size. HEIF images are also features that are not present in JPEG format, such as transparent, 16-bit color as well as animated GIFS. The animations that can be saved are also more with smaller file sizes.

Is HEIF better than JPEG

Yes, high-efficiency image Format or HEIF is an improvement of the JPEG format in every respect. By using a more modern compression scheme, that can reduce half of the data size of the JPEG file.

The higher the megapixel on the camera, the photo will be more detailed. The size also gets bigger. So Heif can be a solution in the future, why?

Because HEIF photo size could be half of JPEG, when storing 2 HEIF photos is the same as storing 1 JPEG photo. So by the presence of this new format it is possible to save storage or otherwise can save photos 2 times more.

What is a HEIC File?

If you take a photo on Your Apple iPhone or iPad, it will be saved in the file extension format. HEIC. Then what is it?

HEIC format is a file format that can store sound and images, which is based off of the HEVC base codec. The image in question is HEIF image format.

When shooting with Live Photos feature on iPhone it will be saved with File format. HEIC. The contents of the file are some heif photos and recorded sound files.

Why the photo format heic?

To make the photo format no longer heic de Apple iOS devices, you need to set them in settings. How to open "settings" > "camera", then tap "Format" and tap "most compatible".

Well Most compatible or most compatible features on Apple iOS have been enabled, which is where photos are stored in a format. JPG and video files. Mov. So the feature is intended so that the photos taken can be opened/accessed on other operating systems.

HEIF comparison vs JPG/JPEG

H. 264 Video and JPG format images
HEVC Video and HEIC format images

From the comparison above is already the difference far. From H. 264 Video format with HEVC, as well as JPG with HEIC. Taken from the iPhone 7. Source: idownloadblog.com.

HEIF and HEIC deficiency

One disadvantage is that using HEIF or HEIC photos is compatibility, which is where many devices have not supported this modern image format.

That iPhone and iPad automatically convert images to JPEG when attaching them to an email or sharing other services (which don't support HEIF files). Also included when importing images to a Windows PC. Indeed Apple IOS is designed to automatically make it as compatible as possible.

While the MAC can read files. HEIF and. HEIC starts macOS High Sierra. Windows 10 offers support for these files, by installing the HEVC and HEIF codecs. While Google as an Android development has also added support for this new format on Android version 9 ie Android PIE. And that's not all devices can use that support.

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